Usually female ovaries contain 3-7 follicles (sacs where the egg matures), of which 1-2 fully mature. Multifollicular changes in the ovaries suggest an increase in follicles up to 8-10, which is a deviation. This is not a separate disease, but a signal of the possible presence of some kind of pathology.
Multifollicular ovaries – causes of occurrence
Various factors can provoke ovarian multifollicularity:
- sudden weight gain or loss;
- severe or prolonged stress;
- diabetes and other diseases of the endocrine system;
- polycystic ovary syndrome.
MFO do not have specific symptoms or painful sensations. They are usually detected by chance during ultrasound of the pelvic organs. The only sign may be that you have not had your period for up to six months. This is due to the fact that due to the large number of follicles, none of them reaches the dominant size, and the mature egg does not leave the follicle, ovulation does not occur. Or, more correctly, anovulation occurs.
How do polycystic ovaries and multifollicular ovaries prevent conception?
MFO and pregnancy are not mutually exclusive concepts. You can get pregnant with this condition. But there is a possibility that the process of conception will be slowed down. And if menstruation is absent, then ovulation simply will not occur.
It is also worth noting that sometimes multifollicularity is accompanied by hormonal changes that cause infertility. In this case, you should find a qualified doctor who can help cope with this problem. The best in the city Odessa gynecology in the Lada clinic will help you find pathology and ways to eliminate it.
How does pregnancy pass with MFO?
In this case, the risk of fetal freezing and miscarriage increases. Therefore, constant supervision of a gynecologist and consultation of the doctors recommended by him is required.
How to cure multifollicular ovaries?
An altered condition is diagnosed during ultrasound of the pelvic organs. Echoscopically, the multifollicular ovaries are immediately visible. Also, the doctor may prescribe a tomography of the brain to exclude the disease of the pituitary gland, in which a hormone is formed that is responsible for the enlargement of the follicles. You also need to take a blood test for hormones.
Therapy for this condition is not required directly, concomitant pathologies need to be treated. The main goal is to restore the menstrual cycle. For this, a course of hormone therapy, taking vitamins is prescribed. Additional stimulation of the ovaries is possible.
Diagnostic laparoscopy (a method of surgical intervention) is performed only with polycystic disease.
Cycle recovery takes up to six months. If, as a result of this, it is not possible to become pregnant naturally, artificial insemination or IVF.
When diagnosed with multifollicular ovaries psychosomatics plays a key role. Stress is one of the catalysts for this condition, and problems with conceiving and the normal course of pregnancy act as an additional emotional factor. Calmness, a positive attitude and a qualified doctor are important for a positive outcome of treatment.