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Chronic diseases of the genital organs as a factor of infertility

Pelvic inflammatory disease is the most commonly diagnosed gynecological problem.  They are caused by viral and microbial pathogens that enter the body sexually, through other organs, and also due to improper hygiene.  The main danger of inflammatory diseases is that the acute form quickly becomes chronic.  The consequences of this are the most serious: persistent violations of menstrual functions, pathologies of other organs, liver, kidneys, nervous system, chronic pelvic pain and infertility.

Chronic gynecological diseases: types and methods of treatment

According to the type of pathogen, they are divided into 2 types.

  1. Specific diseases. These are sexually transmitted diseases. These include gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis, gonococcus, HIV, mycoplasmosis and others.  A combination of several infectious pathogens at once is possible.
  2. Non-specific diseases. These are all other diseases that are caused by the pathology of the vaginal microflora and other factors.  This includes cystitis, bacterial vaginitis, endometritis and others.  The reasons may vary.  Inflammatory diseases affect the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and can also be pathologies of the uterus and its cervix.  It is important to make a diagnosis and start treatment on time to prevent the transition of the disease to a chronic form.

Not in every case of a gynecological disease, the symptoms are acute enough. Menstrual irregularities and mild discomfort are often the only signs. Diseases with fuzzy symptoms can only be diagnosed by laboratory tests. Therefore, it is important not to miss the gynecologist’s examination .

Treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases of the uterus and other pelvic organs involves a course of antibiotics. The drug is prescribed based on the results of laboratory examinations of a smear of flora, blood and urine. Antibiotic therapy for chronic diseases has a longer duration than in the initial stages of the disease. If necessary, the course is re-prescribed, including with the replacement of the main active drug.

In parallel, probiotics are prescribed to neutralize the negative effects of antibiotics on other organs. Drugs may also be prescribed to detoxify the body and relieve symptoms.

Urological diseases in men that can become chronic

Inflammatory processes are no less dangerous for men’s health. Consulting an urologist on a regular basis will prevent chronic diseases of the reproductive system, which also lead to infertility.

Men should be wary of such diseases:

  • prostatitis – inflammation of the prostate gland;
  • cystitis – disorders in the urinary system;
  • epididymitis – diseases of the epididymis;
  • urethritis – lesions of the mucous membrane of the urethra.

Common sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes, chlamydia, and others listed have a chronic form. For their diagnosis and treatment, they also turn to urologist.

The specialist conducts an initial examination. The main methods for diagnosing urological diseases include laboratory tests of blood, urine, spermogram and other tests. An internal examination with an endoscope and ultrasound diagnostics can also be performed.

How to prevent complications such as infertility?

First of all, it is important to undergo regular examinations by specialists. The Lada clinic offers the services of competent and experienced doctors. Routine examinations guarantee early detection of diseases, even if the disease is asymptomatic.

The second aspect of the prevention of chronic diseases is the correct treatment of diseases. It is important to diagnose the condition early in order to start therapy on time. It is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor, including regarding adherence to the diet. Treatment should be given to both partners if it is an STD. It is important to complete the full course of treatment while continuing to take your medication after your symptoms have resolved. The decision to end therapy is made by the attending physician based on the results of control tests.

Kuznetsov Dmitry
Kuznetsov Dmitry
Andrologist, urologist

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Клиника репродуктивного здоровья "Лада"
ул. Среднефонтанская, 19В, ЖК «Чудо-город» 65039 Украина, г.Одесса
(0482) 373747, [email protected]