Male factor infertility is becoming an increasingly common cause of non-pregnancy in couples of childbearing age. Today it accounts for 30% to 42% of all cases of infertility. However, it is worth noting that the number of severe forms is small and, with timely treatment, it is possible to restore male reproductive function.
Treatment of infertility in men is the task of a urologist-andrologist. Based on the diagnosis and collection of anamnesis (medical history), the doctor conducts treatment, thanks to which a man can become a father.
The main study, which begins the examination of a couple, is a spermogram. This analysis allows you to determine the quantitative and qualitative composition of semen, as well as to conduct a morphological assessment of spermatozoa.
The most common pathologies of semen are: asthenozoospermia, oligozoospermia, azoospermia, teratozoospermia, necrospermia. Treatment of each type of pathology is individual and based on the causes of the disease, external factors, lifestyle and other reasons.
Treatment of male infertility allows you to restore the quality of seminal fluid within 2-3 months of treatment. After that, according to the results of the control study, you can proceed to the choice of the method of conception.
Even with the most severe pathologies (absence of sperm in the semen), there are methods that allow a man to become a biological father. These are the methods of biopsy of the testicle and its appendages (PESA, TESA, TESE, MESE), allowing to obtain single spermatozoa suitable for fertilization.
In cases where this method is ineffective, they resort to donating seminal fluid.